Wood Moldings Glossary of Terms | Mouldings One

GLOSSARY OF MOULDING TERMS

  • BACK BAND - Rabbeted moulding surrounding the outside edge of casing
  • BASE - Moulding applied where floor and walls meet, forming a visual foundation
  • BASE CAP - Decorative moulding installed flush against the wall and top of an S4S baseboard
  • CASED OPENING - An interior opening without a door that is finished with jambs and trim
  • CASING - Moulded or surfaced-four-sided pieces of various widths and thicknesses for trimming out door and window openings
  • CORNER BLOCKS - Square blocks used in place of mitering the sides and head casing
  • COVE - Moulding with a concave profile used at corners, particularly as a ceiling cornice
  • CHAIR RAIL - Wooden moulding placed along the lower part of the wall to prevent damage
  • CROWN - Highest part of built-in or wall, often above eye level, usually the upper trim on interior walls
  • DENTIL BLOCK - A smaller rectangle block which can be spaced closely together in a series or in sequence with moulding and projecting like teeth as used in cornice, front entrances and mantels, and crossheads
  • DOOR STOP - Moulding nailed to faces of the door frame to prevent the door from swinging through
  • ENTABLATURE - The superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals
  • HAND RAIL - Hand support in a stairwell
  • JAMB - Top and two sides of a door or window frame
  • MOULDINGS - Ornamental strips used to decorate a surface, often used to accent or emphasize the ornamentation of a structure and to conceal surface or angle joints
  • NOSING - Rounded edge of a stair step
  • PANEL MOLD - a decorative pattern, originally used to trim out raised panel wall construction. Most useful fabricated as a frame, surrounding attractive wall coverings for a paneled effect on walls
  • ROSETTE / PLINTH BLOCK - Rosette is a decorative block in the upper corner of windows and doors. Plinth is the base block which is placed on both sides of the door resting on the floor
  • SHOE RAIL - Primarily used for closed stairs with a curb wall. The shoe rail sits on top of the curb wall and the balusters fit inside the shoe rail. The fillet is cut and pieced between the balusters
  • SHOE MOLD - Quarter round trim applied at the bottom of baseboard where it meets the floor
  • TONGUE & GROOVE - Lumber machined to have a groove on one side and a protruding tongue on the other side, so that pieces fit snugly together with the tongue of one fitting into the groove of the other
  • WAINSCOTING - Lower interior wall surface (usually 3 to 4 feet above the floor) that contrasts with the wall surface above it
  • WINDOW SILL - Interior trim member serving as a window frame sill cap


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13813 Station Rd, Middlefield, Ohio 44062
P.O. Box, 15 Burton, Ohio 44021

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